Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a progressive condition and the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world. Periodontal disease occurs when the toxins found in plaque begin to irritate or inflame the gum tissue. The resulting bacterial infection, often known as gingivitis, can eventually lead to the destruction of the gum tissue and underlying bone. If periodontal disease is not treated, it can also lead to loose teeth or tooth loss. Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease. Our team will always check for signs of periodontal disease, but if you are concerned about the health of your gums, please feel free to make an appointment with us today.

Causes

Common causes of periodontal disease include poor dental hygiene, tobacco use, genetic predisposition, teeth grinding and medication. Research studies have also shown that periodontal disease may be a symptom of other health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, pregnancy complications, osteoporosis and respiratory disease. If you have questions or concerns about periodontal disease, please ask your dentist. We care about your overall health and your smile!

Treatment

Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. The following treatments are available:
  • Scaling and root planning
  • Antibiotic treatment
  • Pocket reduction surgery (also known as gingivectomy, osseous surgery and flap surgery)
  • Bone grafting (or bone regeneration) 
  • Gum tissue regeneration
  • Crown lengthening 
Dr. Burger and his staff will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend you the appropriate treatment.

Sign and symptoms

It is extremely important to note that periodontal disease can progress without any signs or symptoms such as pain. This is why regular dental checkups are exceptionally important. Below are some of the most common signs and symptoms of periodontitis:
  • Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
  • Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
  • New spacing between teeth –Caused by bone loss.
  • New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
  • Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
  • Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
  • Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
  • Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
  • Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
Ensure your oral health by making an appointment with us today.
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